Giordano Bruno burned as a heretic. English East India Company established.
Ieyasu rules Japan, moves capital to Edo (Tokyo)..
Cervantes’s Don Quixote de la Mancha, the first modern novel.
Jamestown, Virginia, established—first permanent English colony on American mainland.
Pocahontas, daughter of Chief Powhatan, saves life of John Smith.
Samuel de Champlain establishes French colony of Quebec.
The Relation, the first newspaper, debuts in Germany.
Galileo sees the moons of Jupiter through his telescope.
Gustavus Adolphus elected King of Sweden.
King James Version of the Bible published in England.
Rubens paints his Descent from the Cross.
John Napier discovers logarithms.
Start of the Thirty Years’ War Protestants revolt against Catholic oppression; Denmark, Sweden, and France will invade Germany in later phases of war.
Kepler proposes last of three laws of planetary motion.
A Dutch ship brings the first African slaves to British North America.
In the colony as Jamestown, Virginia, the House of burgesses convened for the first time.
Pilgrims, after three-month voyage in Mayflower, land at Plymouth Rock. 41 men abord the Mayflower signed their names to the Mayflower compact sttting the stage for modern democracy in the United States.
Francis Bacon’s Novum Organum.
New Netherland founded by Dutch West India Company.
Massachusetts Bay Colony.
Maryland founded by Lord Baltimore.
Inquisition forces Galileo (astronomer) to recant his belief in Copernican theory.
English Civil War. Cavaliers, supporters of Charles I, against Roundheads, parliamentary forces. Oliver Cromwell defeats Royalists (1646).
Parliament demands reforms. Charles I offers concessions, brought to trial (1648), beheaded (1649).
Cromwell becomes Lord Protector (1653).
Rembrandt paints his Night Watch.
Taj Mahal completed.
End of Ming Dynasty in China—Manchus come to power.
Descartes’s Principles of Philosophy.
End of the Thirty Years’ War. German population about half of what it was in 1618 because of war and pestilence.
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