The Boston Massacre.
Joseph Priestley and Daniel Rutherford independently discover nitrogen.
Partition of Poland—in 1772, 1793, and 1795, Austria, Prussia, and Russia divide land and people of Poland, end its independence.
The Boston Tea Party.
First Continental Congress drafts “Declaration of Rights and Grievances.”
The American Revolution begins with battle of Lexington and Concord.
Second Continental Congress.
Priestley discovers hydrochloric and sulfuric acids.
Declaration of Independence.
Gen. George Washington crosses the Delaware Christmas night.
Adam Smith’s Wealth of Nations.
Edward Gibbon’s Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire.
Thomas Paine’s Common Sense.
Mozart’s Haffner Serenade.
Capt. James Cook discovers Hawaii.
Franz Mesmer uses hypnotism.
Immanuel Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason.
Herschel discovers Uranus.
Revolutionary War ends with Treaty of Paris.
William Blake’s poems.
Beethoven’s first printed works.
Crimea annexed by Russia.
John Wesley’s Deed of Declaration, the basic work of Methodism.
Russians settle Aleutian Islands.
The Constitution of the United States signed.
Lavoisier’s work on chemical nomenclature.
Mozart’s Don Giovanni.
French Parlement presents grievances to Louis XVI who agrees to convening of Estates-General in 1789—not called since 1613.
French Revolution begins with the storming of the Bastille.
In U.S., Washington elected president with all 69 votes of the Electoral College, takes oath of office in New York City.
Vice President: John Adams. Secretary of State: Thomas Jefferson. Secretary of Treasury: Alexander Hamilton.