The US Congress tries to “civilize” the Native Americans by passing a law that restricts Plains Indian tribes to small reservations making it easier the US Army to hold control over them.

Red Cloud, Sitting Bull, Crazy Horse, and 6000 Apache, Arapaho, Cheyenne, Comanche, and Kiowa gather together at Medicine Lodge in Kansas to sign treaty that will end advancement by whites and all tribes would move onto reservations set up by the government on much less desirable land.

The US Army is given orders to “bring in and punish” any Native American tribes that will not move to and stay on the government lands like Stand Rock Indian Reservation.


A rancher Nathan Hungate, his wife and two young daughters were massacred by Colorado Indians. In retaliation Colonel John Chivington and 750 men attacked a Cheyenne and Arapaho village and the atrocities committed by the soldiers are too gruesome to mention.  Their bodies were left for the coyotes and vultures.  After two congressional hearings, Colonel Chivington was driven into exile, and Colorado  Governor John Evans was removed from office.

Chief Joseph of the Nez Perce was the last Indian chief to sign a treaty with the US government.



To end the First Sioux War the US Army reach an agreement with Native Americans to close Fort Kearney, Fort Reno, and Fort Smith with the signing of the Treaty of Fort Laramie.

Reports of extensive corruption and poor management by officials on Indian reservations led Congress to create a Board of Indian commissioners which outlined procedure dealing with Native American rules.

Sac, Fox, and Iowa tribes are federally subsidized in Nebraska.


As the bones pile up the Plains Indians lose their main source of food and many other useful necessities as the Buffalo herds are killed off intentionally by white hunters and sportsmen leaving the Native Americans to starve.

Captain Francis Dodge commanding Black US Army troops the Indians called, “Buffalo Soldiers” attacked a Mescalero Apache village in the New Mexico Guadalupe Mountains and killed 10 Indians and stole 25 ponies.

A small band of Blackfoot confront Malcolm Clarke and his son who, escaped, but Clarke was killed. In retaliation of the killing US soldiers slaughtered 174 Blackfoot men, women and children in the Massacre on the Marias River in Montana.

The Fifteenth Amendment was approved giving the right to vote to all men including Indians, but women were still considered second-class citizens.


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